Immunotherapy of patients with metastatic melanoma
Malignant melanoma (MM) is the primary cause of skin cancer related death and the in-cidence is increasing in the past years. Advanced MM still has a poor prognosis, but in recent years, the development of immunotherapy has changed its poor prognosis. Immune checkpoints show the revolutionary treatment of metastatic melanoma. Ipilimumab and pembrolizumab, monoclonal antibodies against the CTLA-4 and PD-1 respectively, have been shown to prolong overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced melanoma. The combination immunotherapy seems to be superior to monotherapy. In this review, recently immunotherapy clinical trial results are presented. The combination of immunotherapy provides new options for the treatment of MM patients. However, further studies are necessary to answer such question as optimal treatment, combination of immunotherapies, crowd selection and risk balance in patients with melanoma.