Percutaneous palliative care interventions in the cancer patient
Patients with incurable cancer face lots of problems before they expire. Complications resulting from cancer or its treatment are a significant determinant of the quality of life of cancer patients. It is of outmost importance to make use of all treatment options in order to improve their survival and quality of life. Nowadays, available are a number of Interventional Radiology procedures that are minimally invasive, can be performed under local anesthesia or conscious sedation and are indispensable in helping patient through the cancer disease process. These techniques can be broadly classified into drainage of fluid collections, decompression and relief of obstruction, pain and tumor burden reduction, vascular and gastrointestinal tract access as well as hemostasis. The purpose of this article is to describe the basic concepts of minimally invasive techniques applied as palliative care therapies in the cancer patients. Controversies concerning techniques and products and the need for patient-centered tailored approaches will be discussed.